A wrist sprain most often occurs from a fall on an outstretched hand. Symptoms include pain, swelling, restriction of motion, and weakness. Wrist sprains are graded according to severity. Grade 1 (mild) involves over-stretching / micro-tears of ligaments. Grade 2 (moderate) involves partial ligament tears and mild joint instability. Grade 3 (severe) indicates complete ligament tears and significant joint instability.
A diagnosis and grade determination is based on the history and physical examination. X-rays are often obtained to evaluate for any potential fractures. Often an MRI will be obtained to evaluate the condition of the soft tissues including ligaments.
Treatment is based on the grade of the sprain and the patient’s symptoms. Often cast immobilization followed by physical therapy is in hand. Icing and anti-inflammatory medications may be prescribed. If severe enough, surgery to repair torn ligamenets may be advised.
If you are experiencing pain and swelling in your wrist, especially after a fall, contact your physician to schedule a consultation.
Dr. DeSimone (954) 389-5900